Mashhad is a city in northeast Iran, known as a place of religious pilgrimage. It’s centered on the vast Holy Shrine of Imam Reza, with golden domes and minarets that are floodlit at night. The circular complex also contains the tomb of Lebanese scholar Sheikh Bahai, plus the 15th-century, tile-fronted Goharshad Mosque, with a turquoise dome. Museums within the shrine include the Carpet Museum, with many rare pieces.
North of the shrine is the tomb and mausoleum of Nader Shah, 18th-century founder of the Afshar dynasty, topped with a statue of him on horseback. To the west, Koohsangi Park is a large urban space with water features and trees. North of the city, in the town of Tous, is the white marble Mausoleum of Ferdowsi, honoring the influential Persian poet. West of Mashhad, the village of Kang is known for its stacked mud-brick homes clinging to the foothills of the Binaloud Mountains. Farther west, the ancient city of Neyshabur was the birthplace of 12th-century Persian astronomer and poet Omar Khayyam. The Khayyam Garden contains his tomb.